Bariatric surgery is a procedure to assist obese individuals lose weight. It is carried out by Bariatric surgeons in local hospitals. A Bariatric surgeon determines if the patient qualifies for weight loss surgery, the doctor performs the surgery. People who unable to lose weight with exercise and diet are supposed to consider this surgery. The most type of this surgery in the US is gastric bypass. This surgery is a major operation which can cause significant side effects, including blood clots, vitamin deficiencies and infections which may be life threatening.
What is Involved in this Bariatric Surgery?
This surgery is performed when there isn’t any other way for an individual to lose weight. There are different types of Bariatric surgery. There are gastric sleeve procedure, lap band surgery and gastric bypass surgery.
Gastric sleeve surgery
The surgeon reduces the food amount a person that can ingest by separating one part of his or her stomach from the other.
Lap band surgery
The surgeon uses a silicone rubber band to block off one of the stomach parts so that the remainder is smaller.
Gastric bypass surgery
It uses a laparoscopic tool which is introduced into a person’s body through small incisions. This makes possible to view the patient’s insides on a screen.
The other types of this kind of surgery include Biliopancreatic diversion and vertical banded Gastroplasty.
Side Effects of Bariatric Surgery
Due to the drastic reduction in the size of a person’s stomach when he or she undergoes this kind of surgery, deficiencies in vitamin D, vitamin B 12 and iron. This may make a person become susceptible to other infections that caused by the deficiencies of these vitamins and iron.
Hair loss is another side effect that can be associated with this kind of surgery. This can be resulted from decreases in the amount of protein consumed when a person undergoes this type of surgery.
Most people’s stomachs may fail to make the enzyme lactase. This type of enzyme is often required to digest dairy products.
Dumping syndrome is another Bariatric surgery side effect. It’s caused by the stomach emptying too fast. It causes symptoms of vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps and nausea.
When a person undergoes this kind of surgery, the stapes which close the incision may break or leak and cause infections or hernia in the end.
After surgery, blood clots in the patient’s leg can be a life threatening side effect. This side effect occurs in the obese patients undergoing this kind of surgical procedure.
Gallstones and Kidney Stones
Gallstones and kidney stones are side effects that can be brought by this surgical procedure. Be aware that gallstones and kidney stones can cause intense pain as well as serious infections if not treated quickly.
The number of morbidly obese individuals opting for this type of surgery is increasing on a daily basis. Despite this type of surgery carrying along some side effects, it can assist people to lose the weight, which can otherwise prove detrimental to their health. This kind of surgery is recommended for those people who have not been able to lose weight, by exercising and lifestyle changes.
After a Bariatric surgery, a person should include lean protein and much involve vegetables and fruits. Counseling is very necessary before the surgery. It will make sure that you understand the implications of the surgery as well as aftermath effects. It is very important for you to speak to the doctor, and get a fair picture of what to expect after the surgical procedure is over. Counseling may be required after the surgery to assist maintain healthy eating habits. All the best for all those who will be undergoing this surgery soon.