What is Bariatric Surgery and the Criteria of BMI for Bariatric Surgery?
Do you understand BMI for bariatric surgery? Some of you may have known and some of you haven’t. So, this article will give you detailed information related to it. Check it out.
Definition of bariatric operations in general
Bariatric surgery is a special medical procedure aimed at overcoming obesity. Usually, postoperative weight loss can reach 40-68% in an interval of 2 years. This operation is also done with several procedures, depending on each patient’s condition. The main purpose of bariatric surgery is to lose weight in a fast time and prevent various chronic diseases that lurk.
BMI criteria for bariatric operations
Then, how about the criteria of BMI for bariatric surgery? One of the criteria for people who can undergo bariatric surgery is those who have a Body Mass Index (BMI) above 35 or a BMI above 30 with complications (co-morbid). Well, what if the patient’s BMI is still below 30 but wants to do this procedure?
For patients with a BMI under 30, it is not permissible (to do this procedure), but we must be consistent with what the Medical Operating Procedure Standard (SOP) outlines.
In people with a BMI under 30 that other methods could be tried namely by education to change the lifestyle that has been applied so far. So, if the BMI is below 30, there are no complications and want to undergo bariatric surgery.
What are you doing and why are they forced? We can still do lifestyle modifications. So patients need to be examined by a psychologist or psychiatrist. Do not let the procedure do not need to be done, but forced to do. Alright, for more details, here is a summary of some of the conditions that must be meet:
- Have a body mass index of more than 35 with comorbid diseases (comorbidities).
- Experiencing two or more chronic diseases.
- The weight does not go down despite having a healthy diet and lifestyle.
- Not taking drugs that can conflict with bariatric surgery.
- Have a strong motivation.
Even if you experience these things, you still cannot undergo this operation if:
- Being pregnant
- Experiencing hormone abnormalities that make him obese
- Being addicted to drugs
- Have an uncontrolled psychiatric illness
Benefits of bariatric surgery
Bariatric surgery can provide a variety of benefits, both physically and psychologically. Among others are:
- Able to produce weight loss that lasts for a long time. Research shows that more than 90% of obese people who undergo bariatric surgery experience weight loss, and the results persist for at least 1 year.
- Able to increase life expectancy. Research shows that obese people who have had bariatric surgery have a higher life expectancy compared to obese people who have not had surgery.
- Able to prevent or assist the process of treating other health problems related to obesity. Examples are type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, knee pain due to arthritis (arthritis), stomach acid disease, high cholesterol, and fatty liver.
- Able to improve the quality of life in general and improve psychological conditions. Confidence, social interactions, depressive symptoms, and anxiety disorders have been reported to improve after obesity sufferers undergo bariatric surgery.
Bariatric Postoperative Care
For those of you who want to know what the forms of treatment are, then you can read the explanation in the following section.
The first treatment that you must do since starting the recovery period is on a strict diet. After the surgery, you will have a system of the body that is unable to store too much food, so if you keep doing your previous eating habits your health condition will become threatened and the operation fails.
Take supplements every time
Then the next thing you need to consider is the adequacy of the body’s nutrition. Because of the new nutrient absorption system pathway, patients will usually experience malnutrition. In order to avoid this, you must take supplements to meet your daily nutritional needs.
Carry out regular health checks
Did you know that you need to do regular health checks? If not, then post-bariatric surgery is very at risk of experiencing problems without you knowing. Those are everything related to BMI for bariatric surgery.